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  • Red Earth of No One

    The guarani-kaiowá indigenous people of mato grasso do sul in brazil have for the past decades been battling against wealthy landowners for the rights to their ancestral lands. Indigenous land occupations now dot the rural state. They start out small, often times out of resistance to a killing by what are known as “pistoleiros,” essentially private security hired by the ranchers to defend their pastures. They live rough, always on alert.
    Brazil, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest exporter of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between landowners and indigenous peoples.
    At the turn of the century the brazilian government corralled many of the indigenous tribes, which were spread out over the region into smaller more concentrated reservations. The government did so in an effort to give precious farmland to settlers and stimulate the growth of agriculture in the country. Yet in 1988 in an effort to right the wrongs of the past, the government passed a law, pledging to draw out original indigenous territory to give back to the tribes within a period of 5 years, without any mention of compensation to ranch owners. 23 years on and the government are still amiss in marking and designating territory. Essentially the natives and the settlers were left to dispute the land on their own, which has resulted in violent and oftentimes deadly clashes between the two who both claim the land as their own.
    Indigenous land covers 13% of the brazil, much of it within territories rich in metals, such as in the amazon. The government is already working on a draft law to open the region to mining companies, which would severely compromise indigenous lands and especially un-contacted tribes.

  • March 2013. A group of Guarani pray at the prayer house on the St. Elena Ranch that a group of Guarani friends and family have taken over in response to the ranchers killing of a young indigenous boy named Delsio Barbosa. Delsio was shot and killed instantly while fishing along the border of the farm and the indigenous reservation Teykue. The rancher claims the boy was trespassing and since the incident has been living freely in a nearby city without judicial recourse. His house and his ranch have since been occupied by a group of family and friends of the young boy who have moved into his house and renamed the area Tekoha Pindoroky. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: The gravesite of Simeão Villalva on Fazenda Fronteira where he was allegedly killed during an occupation on the land. Fazenda Fronteira lies on the land the Guarani refer to as Ñande Ru Marangatu, where a group of Guarani have occupied land already demarked as indigenous but has been awaiting a judiciary response for almost 10 years to determine if the Guarani will take over the land or the landowners will keep the ranches. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • March 2013. A horse grazes at Jaguapiru Reservation in Dourados. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • March 2013. A woman takes a drag on a cigarette at the Indigenous occupation of Tekoha Puelito. Tekoha Puelito which is on the other side of the Sororo Reservation was formed out of resistance in an area of four rivers squared which the Guarani claim is their ancestral land. The occupation was formed more than once within the territory yet was burned down by armed guards hired by local ranchers. Leaders of the group recently wrote a letter to the judge who ruled against their petition for the land, claiming they would fight to their death for their land. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • March 2013. Face carvings adorn ant hills on Tekoha Arroio Corá. The land has been marked as indigenous territory however has not yet been ratified, yet the judge has allowed the group of Guarani to occupy the land which was formerly owned by ranchers until a decision has been made. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • November, 2015- Aral Moreira, Brazil: Children play in the stream which is said to be poluted with agrotoxins on the Guarani land occupation of Guaiviry in which a small group of spiritually practicing Guarani have spread out among sprawling hectares of soy. The group was recently almost expelled by the Supreme Court Justice, although the motion was suspended at the last moment. However the land was never demarked as indigenous and therefore the group has little chance up against a large Soy Corperation. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: Antonio João at sunset, seen through eucolyptus trees. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Dourados, Brazil: A Young girl slams her doll into the mud in frustration on the Apika'y land occupation, or "retomada" along the highway outside of Dourados. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Dourados, Brazil: A burnt doll liters the ground on the Apika’y land occupation along the highway outside of Dourados. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • March 2013. Indigenous boys ride their bikes by an arsonist fire at a ranch outside of Dourados in Mato Grosso do Sul. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • March 2013. A man known as Osorio lays on the ground bleeding from a head wound as his son cries over him in shock on the indigenous occupation of Coronel Sapucaia. Osorio who had been drinking pulled a pistol on a member of a rival family in order to kill him but was instead hit in the head by his target with a large wooden stick and became a victim. Family feuding and violence are common on the indigenous reserves and indigenous occupation. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • March 2013. The blood of a man known as Osorio on the ground from a head wound he sustained during a fight on the indigenous occupation of Coronel Sapucaia. Osorio who had been drinking pulled a pistol on a member of a rival family in order to kill him but was instead hit in the head by his target with a large wooden stick and became a victim. Family feuding and violence are common on the indigenous reserves and indigenous occupation. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: Salvador, a spiritual leader and his relatives prey at their house. Salvador has been occupying disputed land on Ñande Ru Marangatu for the past 7 years. During this past year a group of Guarani have advanced on more of the land, occupied land, occupying more areas and key ranches. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • March 2013. João Carlos lays sleeping on the ground at a neighbor's hut on the indigenous occupation of Tekoha Arroio Corá. The land has been marked as indigenous territory however has not yet been ratified, yet the judge has allowed the group of Guarani to occupy the land which was formerly owned by ranchers until a decision has been made. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • March 2013. A soy field in Antonio João, Mato Grosso do Sul. Dacio has been fighting a 15 year battle with a group of Guarani who claim heritage to his land which has been marked and ratified by FUNAI however he has not received any offer of compensation for his loss by the government. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: Young boys mimic the Nation Guard role call outside of Pio Silva's house on Ñande Ru Marangatu, where a group of Guarani have occupied land already demarked as indigenous but has been awaiting a judiciary response for almost 10 years to determine if hte guarani will take over the land or the landowners will keep the ranches. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • March 2013. Cowboy hats and bows and arrows at Dacio Queiroz Silva's ranch Ranch "Fronteira" in Antonio João, Mato Grosso do Sul. Dacio has been fighting a 15 year battle with a group of Guarani who claim heritage to his land which has been marked and ratified by FUNAI however he has not received any offer of compensation for his loss by the government. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • March 2013. Dacio Queiroz Silva on his ranch Ranch "Fronteira" in Antonio João, Mato Grosso do Sul. Dacio has been fighting a 15 year battle with a group of Guarani who claim heritage to his land which has been marked and ratified by FUNAI however he has not received any offer of compensation for his loss by the government. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • March 2013. Dacio Queiroz Silva's ranch Ranch "Fronteira" in Antonio João, Mato Grosso do Sul. Dacio has been fighting a 15 year battle with a group of Guarani who claim heritage to his land which has been marked and ratified by FUNAI however he has not received any offer of compensation for his loss by the government. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil.
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: A young girl looks onto the waterfall (which had always been off limits to her and her family) at Fazenda primavera, situated on a disputed area of land known to the Guarani as Ñande Ru Marangatu. The fazenda was recently occupied by a group of guarani while both sides await a decision from the supreme court on who gets the land. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: Salvador, a spiritual leader has been occupying disputed land on Ñande Ru Marangatu for the past 7 years. During this past year a group of Guarani have advanced on more of the land, occupied land, occupying more areas and key ranches. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: A Ysapy'y tree on the occupation of Ñande Ru Marangatu. The tree is traditionally used by Guarani to cure sore throat. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: A boy prepares a fishing net to go fishing in the nearby river on fazenda primavera, situated on a disputed area of land known to the Guarani as Ñande Ru Marangatu. The fazenda was recently occupied by a group of guarani while both sides await a decision from the supreme court on who gets the land. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: A farm relic of Fazenda Fronteira where Simeão Villalva was allegedly killed during an occupation on the land. Fazenda Fronteira lies on the land the Guarani refer to as Ñande Ru Marangatu, where a group of Guarani have occupied land already demarked as indigenous but has been awaiting a judiciary response for almost 10 years to determine if the Guarani will take over the land or the landowners will keep the ranches. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: Fazenda primavera, situated on a disputed area of land known to the Guarani as Ñande Ru Marangatu. The fazenda was recently occupied by a group of guarani while both sides await a decision from the supreme court on who gets the land. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: Rhea birds circle makeshift houses on Fazenda Fronteira where Simeão Villalva was allegedly killed during an occupation on the land. Fazenda Fronteira lies on the land the Guarani refer to as Ñande Ru Marangatu, where a group of Guarani have occupied land already demarked as indigenous but has been awaiting a judiciary response for almost 10 years to determine if the Guarani will take over the land or the landowners will keep the ranches. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: Kuña Poty Rendyju, wife of Salvador in their kitchen. Salvador, a spiritual leader has been occupying disputed land on Ñande Ru Marangatu for the past 7 years. During this past year a group of Guarani have advanced on more of the land, occupied land, occupying more areas and key ranches. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Aral Moreira, Brazil: A young boy during morning prayers at school on the Gaiviry Land Occupation. The Guarani land occupation of Guaiviry in which a small group of spirituallya practicing Guarani have spread out among sprawling hectares of soy. The group was recently almost expelled by the Supreme Court Justice, although the motion was suspended at the last moment. However the land was never demarked as indigenous and therefore the group has little chance up against a large Soy Corperation. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: Bianca rests in bed at Fazenda Primavera, situated on a disputed area of land known to the Guarani as Ñande Ru Marangatu. The fazenda was recently occupied by a group of guarani while both sides await a decision from the supreme court on who gets the land. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Antonio João, Brazil: Young boys sit along the front gate of Fazenda primavera, situated on a disputed area of land known to the Guarani as Ñande Ru Marangatu. The fazenda was recently occupied by a group of guarani while both sides await a decision from the supreme court on who gets the land. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Aral Moreira, Brazil: Young children play in and around the main prayer house on the Guarani land occupation of Guaiviry in which a small group of spiritually practicing Guarani have spread out among sprawling hectares of soy. The group was recently almost expelled by the Supreme Court Justice, although the motion was suspended at the last moment. However the land was never demarked as indigenous and therefore the group has little chance up against a large Soy Corperation. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Dourados, Brazil: Members of the Guarani community come out in small numbers to block the road at a Northern point roundabout in Dourados during the entire day of November 11th, as part of a Nationwide action to protest PEC 215, a motion which threatens to change a constitution amendment whcih would severly limit indigenous land rights in the country. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Dourados, Brazil: Arami Veron during a roadblock. Members of the Guarani community come out in small numbers to block the road at a Northern point roundabout in Dourados during the entire day of November 11th, as part of a Nationwide action to protest PEC 215, a motion which threatens to change a constitution amendment whcih would severly limit indigenous land rights in the country. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Dourados, Brazil: "Sesta Basica" as it is known is handed out to members of the indigenous reservations outlining the city of Dourados. The sack contains the basic food elements of a household, including rice, beans, mate tea, sugar, salt, etc. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Dourados, Brazil: Residents of the indigenous reservations outlining the city of Dourados line up early in the morning to receive their "Sesta Basica". The sack contains the basic food elements of a household, including rice, beans, mate tea, sugar, salt, etc. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen
  • November, 2015- Aral Moreira, Brazil: Children play in the stream which is said to be poluted with agrotoxins on the Guarani land occupation of Guaiviry in which a small group of spiritually practicing Guarani have spread out among sprawling hectares of soy. The group was recently almost expelled by the Supreme Court Justice, although the motion was suspended at the last moment. However the land was never demarked as indigenous and therefore the group has little chance up against a large Soy Corperation. Brazil, South America’s most potent country, is slated to become the 4th largest economy in the world by 2030. As the largest exporter of soy and second largest producer of cattle in the world, its rich land is at the forefront of major disputes and increasing violence between land owners and indigenous peoples. The most contested region is in and around the state of Mato Grasso do Sul, an area rich in farmland and with one of the highest concentrations of indigenous people in Brazil. © Nadia Shira Cohen